Skip to main content

tv   Doc Film - By Train from New Orleans to New York  Deutsche Welle  October 28, 2017 9:15am-10:01am CEST

9:15 am
drummond my mother is from the united states of america and so i realized fairly early that it makes sense to explain different realities. and now here at the heart of the european union in brussels we have twenty eight different realities and so i think people are really looking for any journalist they can trust for them to make sense of this. fight in the back office and i work at. sustainable protection for the earth ideals designed to preserve our ecosystem as they exist around the world. global ideas takes the next step protection for our planet's biological diversity trailblazing projects. thank you w dot com slash global i.d.'s.
9:16 am
ally trip will take us from the deep south to the united states to the east coast. majestic locomotives will power through diverse landscapes will meet who characters go from the sunni towns to the bustling metropolis. we'll visit places of great importance in american history and discover a small events that shaped everyday life. the main character of our american adventure is the train that makes its debut journey from the gulf of mexico to the atlantic get ready to. climb aboard that passenger.
9:17 am
the. new orleans the birthplace of jazz it's a vibrant city on the mississippi delta with something for everybody here the president meets the past. with its population of around four hundred thousand new orleans is not a notch city by american standards but it's vibrant and loud. freight trains with a hundred or more cars run right along the river bank they take several minutes to
9:18 am
pass through. but the wait is worth it. get back to no water just. yet. watch you do that. yes we're just. going. now that it's a new orleans welcome. street cars have shaped the cityscape of new orleans for the past hundred and eighty years at first street cars were powered by horses and steam their electric now the network once covered three hundred kilometers today just thirty six kilometers remain there are tree lines the st charles line is the oldest
9:19 am
continuously operating line in the u.s. the river front line runs along the edge of the french quarter and the canal straight line covers the main street of new orleans. on overcast days when a cool breeze blows new orleans shows its melancholy side tourists and locals on the streets and squares around st louis cathedral seem unaffected and the and in the french quarter the city is old this neighborhood most of the single and multi-story buildings are made of stone and feature of your time balconies the spanish and french influence is unmistakable. thanks to a new orleans jazz and blues are inseparable louis armstrong and fats domino are
9:20 am
among the sons of the city to name but two of its greats of days the movement the move relaxed but there's virtually no record that will silence the instruments here thanks. to you. thank you and the for. you and. it's early in the morning on loyola haven't you it's not far from the main station the new orleans union passenger terminal the cheese to be busy. most passengers now prefer to travel by bus there are just three passenger trains departing new orleans each day. the building dates back to nine hundred fifty four it's was the two murals of the city's history month depicts
9:21 am
the early history of the railroad when steam trains competed with who says. the fast train started running in america in the early eighteenth that is the baltimore and ohio railroad hosted a special race. in the very beginning steam technology was just coming to fruition in england but to be a no chose to haul its first passenger cars by horse later several engines were tested and a gentleman named peter cooper invented the first american built steam locomotive which was nicknamed tom thought because it was a very small little boxy engine in august of eight hundred thirty the story goes that there was a race between this mechanical engine and
9:22 am
a horse drawn car and during the race one of the belts on the wind blower broke on peter cooper's engine tom thumb and the horse ultimately ran the race but as we know steam technology and motive power would beat the force in the air. we still use the term whose power trains today have more than four thousand three hundred horsepower. each carriage has one steward it's very comfortable fast and just can check in from six in the morning those open for boarding at half past the crescent consists of two engines and nine carriages. thank. you and the light is eerily beautiful as the train sets off at seven in the morning.
9:23 am
i am. slowly through new orleans the crassness because of its location on a bend in the mississippi river. am. passengers will face a thirty one hour ride will cross twelve states and cover more than two thousand two hundred kilometers on our journey from the big easy to the big apple. the end new orleans's bordered by the mississippi river to the south and by lake pontchartrain to the newest a shallow body of water three times the size of lake constance three roads and one
9:24 am
train line run across the lake on stilts the lake has a friendly face in the morning and night that wasn't the case in two thousand and five am. since two thousand and six the louisiana state museum has hosted an exhibition about the harken history of new orleans. with a special focus on harken katrina katrina changed the city. one of the great things about the story is that the human story behind each of the exhibitions that you'll see of this particular exhibition really express how these people of the american south came together to rebuild a community. it wasn't just the hurrican that caused terrible destruction. holding back naik pontchartrain crumbled surged into the city
9:25 am
from the north unhindered to train a change the life of new orleans the people physically the way we live and the way we work. we are trying to build back the city right sitting and having great success there a chance to psychologically to think the people of new orleans are more virulent now and i think we're more proud that we were before the storm because of what we survived. poor doubt his emotions each day recording the horrific events on the wallpaper of his house.
9:26 am
the wreck of the grand piano that belonged to musician fats domino hanging above the installation by michel goaded who grew up in new orleans it symbolizes his grief for the sixteen hundred victims. hand symbolize the willingness of those who were not affected to help to lend a hand. my left without thoughts we had no with on our adventure beyond new orleans we find rural landscapes with bar ists fields and phones. we're approaching meridian a small town in the state of mississippi. one of the greatest country music singers in the united states was granted here in
9:27 am
eighty ninety seven the jimmy rogers museum resembles an old train station rogers was the third and youngest son of a railroad family the museum is filled with many of his personal items. and opened the safe for the jimmy rogers museum i mean the jimmy rogers guitar. that we keep in this life jimmy had many guitars this was his final guitar he ordered it shortly after he was discovered one of our guests when he was just in here hey point to this hoe and he said sing this how you say this house right here and he kept saying that about four or five times and then what that's what country
9:28 am
music was oh right they are right they are and what do you like to. america and another guest said when asked american music because jimi had such a profound influence. as a young man jimi would just walk for the new orleans and northeast and rally wait as a break man among other things. soon he was beloved of the country many of his experiences during his time on the road found their way into his songs today he's known only to find some of country music. his music came from his work on the rare and from his former life and from living in rural mississippi and traveling around the trying as he travels from place to place. he loved the railroad he just didn't want to work on the road he wanted to sing about the railroad and he's left
9:29 am
us many many wonderful songs and we appreciate the great. his music. with. jimi watches and he lived to be thirty five his short career and last did just sixteen as the singing brakeman died on may the twenty six nineteen thirty three of tuberculosis it is. zis he picked up during his time on the railroad the. the the. we leave the roots of country music and behind.
9:30 am
not much has been served in the dining car. just waiting for desired. the there are three times lots of a little for lunch we chose the middle one half past twelve. the o.l. our train has left the state of mississippi and is traveling through alabama i am. in the early nineteenth century i know was mined in the area surrounding birmingham to bring its industrial history to life for future generations the state of alabama set up an open and museum a few years ago the tan hill and lux historical state park not much remained at the historical buildings that's why much was rebuilt using the original plan.
9:31 am
was a boom town in the late eight hundred after their free construction period after the civil war that's when the pressure really started to get going in towns like birmingham and from places over here where they're brown or fields to the places where adjacent to the bread or fields that were located closer to the brink of city limits so the production center there twenty two tons of vinyl one mind hit every day in the early eighteen six days by the end of the civil war parts of the complex were. ruins but the boom of the island town of birmingham was unstoppable so it then about the time of the founding of the city in eight hundred seventy s. and it picked up through world war one and it kind of peaked in world war two producing stuff for the war effort for world war two and then after the one nine hundred sixty s. things like international competition and resource depletion tonnage of the other
9:32 am
industries out i mean have still has a pretty big cast iron pipe industry but then not anymore hey iran isn't made here anymore. the furnace is a no longer burning but there are impressive reminders of the time when birmingham was also known as the pittsburgh of the south pittsburgh was america's number one steel city at the time. was the right now but i am. the. one. with the population of two hundred twelve thousand birmingham is still alabama's biggest city even though it's lost half of its population as a result of the economic decline of the past fifty years that's evidenced by the many decaying buildings many of them are being pulled down three quarters of all
9:33 am
the inhabitants are african-americans just half a century ago these people had to fight for their civil rights the events from back then a student at the forefront of them minds. but during that time birmingham was rigidly segregated segregation ordinances specifically said that black people white people did not play checkers j.s. engage in any game it's hard to imagine what that was like now so it was very oppressive. the separation of the races there was real. no justice in the legal system for african-americans. ham the city of racial segregation. in the sixty's african-american homes and businesses were bombed in the city this outbreak a bombing ham. black girls died in one thousand nine hundred sixty three when
9:34 am
a baptist church was bombed. many of the attacks were committed by the racist hate group the ku klux klan. the conflicts finally came to a head and it took decades for the civil rights movement to fool. so you had two hundred years of this so pression based on color based on race. and people had accepted that as a way of life and so to make that kind of dramatic shift after generations of racial oppression is very difficult the hope that this ugly chapter in history will finally close is expressed an opinion on the will of the baptist chant in trades and then man none to replace bitterness and violence with novel and
9:35 am
understanding of the earth you work the early train heads fathomless we're running slightly behind changi freight trains have priority since rail companies on transporting freight than they do transporting passengers but in the small town of us alabama the crescent has priority and the freight train waits for us to pass. transport is the main business of the rail industry and united states seven rail companies share the market union pacific is one of the oldest and most successful in the country it has forty six thousand employees and turns over twenty billion
9:36 am
dollars per year. good zol said transported by truck day and night seven days a week. the thin crescent of the moon which also adorns the advertising posters of our train shines brightly in the night sky as our journey continues the crescent has completed just over a third of its route it travels at an average speed of around seventy kilometers per hour.
9:37 am
we're traveling in eight on two so not fools at six o'clock thousands of lights illuminated the darkness atlanta is the capital city of the state of georgia the metropolitan area is home to more than five and a half million people and yet the city's train station has just three tracks since nine hundred seventy one long distance rail travel in the united states has been in the hands of amtrak the crescent is the only passenger train coming. through atlanta that's one train stopping in each direction each day. over the past few years the situation has steadily improved. it's one of the fastest growing cities in the united states just two decades ago it hosted the twenty sixth summer olympic games it's still home to
9:38 am
a large number of well known companies. during the night we travelled through south carolina and now we greet the dawn in north carolina both are among the southern states that seceded from the united states in eight hundred sixty one and joined the confederation it's a dark chapter in u.s. history. the railroad town of spencer also lies on our journey but the crescent rushes through without stopping train enthusiasts would find a lot to enjoy there because spencer is home to the north carolina transport
9:39 am
haitian museum which opened in one thousand nine hundred eighty five. it's a very lively museum but only days we're filming engine number five is taking a break. to central x. a bit hair is the round house with thirty seven sloss one of the largest in the united states there are many engines here them museum pieces now nevertheless visitors can get a close up experience of railway history they learned that the post used to be delivered by train and was sorted during the journey they also learned that the crescent used to be pulled by a very special machine all the cross and. so railways premier passenger train.
9:40 am
headed even the solar ran it even after amtrak. we have one of their engines here number sixty nine hundred it's a passenger locomotive it's on display and around the house as famous as any of the b.s. that ran on the crest larry brown is a retired university professor he volunteers at the museum he's the man in charge of the train today. and we have about eighty volunteers in there or maybe five or six actually did or do work for everyone else's. some other patients but you like railroads yes it would have to be. a diesel train with several carriages makes its way through the three times
9:41 am
a day. the train is full of activity children in particular like it the museum of as many events such as a day with thomas the tank engine that attracts thousands of children and their parents term museum that was still a small rural depo in the late nineteenth century it flourished and with it so too did the small town of spencer after the first world war two thousand people worked in spencer's factories in one thousand nine hundred forty the first diesel trains arrived fifteen years later steam trains were completely out of service in one nine hundred sixty the depo ceased operation and the town of spencer became less important grass grew over the complex the museum helps it record its former pub has . steam engine six eleven is being
9:42 am
prepped in the round house it's the famous dreamliner of norfolk and west. it was housed in the museum in roanoke in virginia but was moved to spencer rethought the stand since this footage was taken the six eleven was back on the rails again by mid twenty fifteen it was full steam ahead once more. to museums cinema features black and white films of the history of the railroad the railway had a significant role in opening up the continent the story of the post train ninety seven isms and mentioned it traveled back and forth between washington and spencer every day but it was never to arrive on september the twenty seventh nineteen zero three that journey came to a tragic end on the bridge to the north down. from.
9:43 am
the air bridge. from what we understand the engineer that day it was his first time operating the train and there was a section attraction air tran so there were tourists for being sharp he approached it to greater speed not knowing the route that well and the train derailed and there were several fatalities and that would result in the train not making here all. the tragedy hasn't been forgotten not least because of the song written about it a short while later it is the record over ninety seven and i understand it was the first gold record ever in the united states back several years ago it was
9:44 am
a very well folk song was played in been recorded over the years and there's a famous railroad and so do you know this song i hear it. every other day of the love affair we have you know tory. it was number one in the us chance in october one thousand nine hundred twenty four the high court sold more than a million copies a woman in danville commemorates the designs to. the the. we've travelled two thirds of the way to new york during an excursion to the appalachian mountains we come across a forestry train that could have existed one hundred years ago for many decades
9:45 am
trees felled in the surrounding forests processed in the small town of cass west virginia the forestry train with its powerful steam engines transported the wood into the valley. the same locomotive was designed with all of this operating equipment on the outside of the engine so that two guys my size could carry any broken parts out of the woods and fix it wherever it failed most lumber operations didn't have a large shop like we have they had basically a locomotive and if it broke in the woods they had to fix it where it failed. to work look small romantic on the old photographs than it really was special engines had been developed to transport the timber to shane was one of them it stands out because of its unusual powertrain of beveled is and universal joints.
9:46 am
shoveling. tone is a job for a strong backs. but this fun to be had to the effort. and time famine is crammed themselves into the cars at the cast scenic railway road which has been travelling through the forests of west virginia for half a century to this day it's a popular attraction not surprising with such a man's gait.
9:47 am
oh. boy if i hear you here about forty five minutes that the. devil and the old ways come back to try and get back on board so we're going to end our schedule going to . bode not this one of the highest points in west virginia with an absolutely noria. with. the with. the soul the whole of the. country sing i do mean rajah's was a brakeman and it's still a cooling to this day each carriage on this train has
9:48 am
a brakeman the work is hard it's a steep descent. we're back on the crescent and heading through a historic region. the earth the that just over one hundred and fifty years ago it was the site of one of the worst tragedies in american history. in the last light of day we can see the battlefield of manassas the site of the
9:49 am
first major battle of the american civil war thousands of soldiers from the north and the defecting south were killed or wounded in the first battle of bull run or the battle of first manassas the conflict which started in a comparatively harmless manna developed into a mass in a civil war that neither side could have anticipated both sides are very enthusiastic about their respective cautions but all of them almost without exception are untrained west officers who are either all elected politicians are businessmen. this is going to be a disaster for both sides. many states in the north supported the liberation of slaves the southern states wanted each state to have
9:50 am
the power to decide the slavery issue and whether to remain in the union in any eight hundred sixty one six states withdrew and formed the confederate states of america. in the presidential election of eight hundred sixty abraham lincoln one and his policy was no more slavery not to eliminate existing slavery but no more but the southern states understood if slavery could not expand. their society and their economy would die i believe that's why there was an american civil war. the american civil war was the first ministry conflict to be documented any detail three thousand two class.
9:51 am
room or a new technology at the time played a crucial role. to put it another way the little painting by training. the american civil war was the first conflict all over the world where the railroads became a tactical. weapon for war would move troops it move supplies it moved ammunition all over the country and i would support the war effort on both sides to be a no railroad was an important player because it ran through both northern territory and southern territory it was the object of many many attacks and so what we see during this four year period is the development of new technologies things
9:52 am
like armored box cars things like better locomotives things like tactical planning for moving munitions and troops and things like that for the first time in the world and we would see as a result of that experience in later wars. in this remote region on april the ninth thousand nine hundred sixty five following the pattern of apple mattocks station the commander of the southern forces general robert e. lee said rendel. in the last week of the war here in for genya there's a particular railroad the south side railroad that connects petersburg virginia all the way to apple maddox and beyond to lynchburg virginia at apple maddox generally had multiple trains full of food waiting for his army just three miles southwest of the courthouse village where we are now. however general george custer and the division of united states cavalry captured all the trains at apple matic station
9:53 am
here the next day generally surrendered in this village after medics courthouse that ended the civil war in for genya and would practically ineffectively in the entire american civil war over the next two months that is sixty five. hundred thirty jaring the four years of the civil war at least seven hundred and fifty thousand people military and civilian lost their lives that's almost as many as in all other american was combined. the real winners at the civil war where the railroad company is the railway had experienced an incredible boom during the war is being an indispensable part of the transport supply and logistics network this machine known as a ten wheeler was built in eight hundred fifty three at first it ran in the
9:54 am
mountains of the genea then in the civil war after that it pulled freight and passenger trains for many is after the war there was a tremendous amount of growth in the railroads of the united states a lot of money was made by the arabs during the war so they expanded their networks and we see the size of the american railroads almost double in less than ten years . now and next stop is washington d.c. the american capital the site of some of the most important institutions that the united states the washington monument and albany escape made of white marble rises one hundred and seventy meters and can be seen from far and wide it was inaugurated in one thousand eight hundred four. c. . eckstein hundred pennsylvania avenue is the address of america's most famous
9:55 am
building the white house where the president lives and works. our stop in washington's union station will be longer than usual because the engine needs to be switched the stretch to new york is electric before arriving we were informed that we could leave the train but we needed to stay close they don't want to leave any passengers behind an electric locomotive type eight and seven replaces the two diesel engines. the crescents leaves the station right on time it now makes its way through the northeast corridor on an electrified stretch of seven hundred kilometers between washington and boston where trains travel at up to two hundred forty kilometers per
9:56 am
hour the landscape has changed many factories line the train tracks and every half hour there's another big city. baltimore maryland philadelphia pennsylvania trenton new jersey. finally the skyline of manhattan comes into view we've reached our destination new york city for the last four kilometers the crescent rolls through the hudson river tunnel built in one thousand and after thirty one hours and forty five minutes our journey ends in underground penn station. the big apple is captivating its ex-in orating to be here at times square in the
9:57 am
city that never sleeps and the rush of the right. play and the same little game with. the way open to. get to the bank you new york greats fifty million visitors a year the city itself is hand to eight and the hoff million people thanks to the hour as. nine eleven the attack on the world trade center in two thousand and one on the site of the twin towers a memorial commemorates the two thousand seven hundred and forty nine victims known colloquially as freedom tower the one world trade center is the city's tallest building and its newest landmark. the crowning end to our
9:58 am
journey is the sparkling skyline of new york the l o l o l. o s the to a. my name is along that i live by. my mexican conductor. come with me and great musicians and friends from all over the world you can. break in monaco the monte carlo for the money go to strikes most mexican for me.
9:59 am
from sat on the balcony until the police or a. fifteen minute. the conflict follows her wherever she goes said look at me this is a guy's memory of a dude has just one question on her mind for or against catalan independence until recently she'd been against separation but the spanish government's hard i tried she has changed her views. in thirty minutes on. crime fighters the new season of radio crime thrillers begins. in. domestic violence. for investigative cases that keep you on
10:00 am
your toes the crime frightens stories of the best idea ever so every young person needs to listen to crime fighter and shout tell a friend tell a friend to fight crime fighters don't miss it. this is d. w. news live from berlin it's official spain is taking over the consul on government effectively stripping the region of its autonomy that's after an independence declaration followed by a night of celebrations and barcelona we'll get the latest from our correspondents in madrid and.


info Stream Only

Uploaded by TV Archive on